Saturday, December 24, 2005

Statistics on India.

Republic of India

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world, goes back at least 5,000 years. Aryan tribes from the northwest appear about 1500 BCE; their merger with the earlier inhabitants created classical Indian culture. Arab incursions starting in the 8th century and Turkish in 12th were followed by European traders beginning in the late 15th century. By the 19th century, Britain had assumed political control of virtually all Indian lands. Nonviolent resistance to British colonialism under Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru led to independence in 1947. The subcontinent was divided into the secular state of India and the smaller Muslim state of Pakistan.
Map of India
Population: 1,029,991,145 (July 2001 est.)
Capital: New Delhi
Area: total: total: 3,287,590 sq km; land: 2,973,190 sq km; water: 314,400 sq km (slightly more than one-third the size of the United States)
Government: parliamentary democracy; federal republic; led by Prime Minister Atal Behari VAJPAYEE (since 19 March 1998)
Languages: English enjoys associate status, but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication. Hindi is a major national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people; others include Bengali (official), Telugu (official), Marathi (official), Tamil (official), Urdu (official), Gujarati (official), Malayalam (official), Kannada (official), Oriya (official), Punjabi (official), Assamese (official), Kashmiri (official), Sindhi (official), Sanskrit (official), Hindustani (a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India); 24 languages each spoken by a million or more persons; numerous other languages and dialects
Ethnic groups: Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
Religions: Hindu 81.3%, Muslim 12%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other groups including Buddhist, Jain, Parsi 2.5% (2000)
Economy: GDP - purchasing power parity US$2.2 trillion (2000 est.); GDP (real growth rate) 6% (2000 est.); GDP per capita - purchasing power parity US$2,200 (2000 est.)
Import partners: US 9%, Benelux 8%, UK 6%, Saudi Arabia 6%, Japan 6%, Germany 5% (1999)
Export partners: US 22%, UK 6%, Germany 5%, Japan 5%, Hong Kong 5%, UAE 4% (1999)


Source: CIA World Factbook (2001)


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